2019 Safety Recommendations

General
SR Number: 2019-07
Date Issued: 07/11/2019
Addressee: Manufacturer Company U-Turn GmbH
Why this Recommendation was Developed: link_64Final Report 03/2019
Status: OPEN - Awaiting Response SR OPEN
Recommendation

SR Number:

2019-07 -- Date Issued: 07/11/2019
Why this Recommendation was Developed: link_64Final Report 03/2019
Addressee: Manufacturer Company U-Turn GmbH
Status: OPEN - Awaiting Response
Recommendation: Τhe paraglider manufacturer should consider reviewing and revising the manual of this particular model given that mistakes and vague points have been identified therein which could lead to misunderstandings with regard to the paraglider’s initial maintenance check. Further, the manufacturer should examine ways in which to advise all holders of this particular model of the problems and possible changes to its manual.

For these reasons AAIASB recommends the following:

SAFETY RECOMMENDATION 2019-07: Τhe paraglider manufacturer should consider reviewing and revising the manual of this particular model given that mistakes and vague points have been identified therein which could lead to misunderstandings with regard to the paraglider’s initial maintenance check. Further, the manufacturer should examine ways in which to advise all holders of this particular model of the problems and possible changes to its manual.
Response

SR Number:

2019-07 -- Date Issued: 07/11/2019
Why this Recommendation was Developed: link_64Final Report 03/2019
Addressee: Manufacturer Company U-Turn GmbH
Status: OPEN - Awaiting Response
Response:
General
SR Number: 2019-06
Date Issued: 07/11/2019
Addressee: Manufacturer Company U-Turn GmbH
Why this Recommendation was Developed: link_64Final Report 03/2019
Status: OPEN - Awaiting Response SR OPEN
Recommendation

SR Number:

2019-06 -- Date Issued: 07/11/2019
Why this Recommendation was Developed: link_64Final Report 03/2019
Addressee: Manufacturer Company U-Turn GmbH
Status: OPEN - Awaiting Response
Recommendation: In the course of the investigation, it was found that the certificate number shown on the paraglider’s signboard sewn on the wing was wrong. This problem was also found in the paraglider’s manual, in brochures presenting the paraglider’s flight characteristics as well as in advertising material of the manufacturer. The said problem could lead to a misunderstanding concerning the flight characteristics of this specific paraglider model.

For these reasons AAIASB recommends the following:

SAFETY RECOMMENDATION 2019-06: The manufacturer should examine ways in which to communicate the said problem, as well as any corrective action intended in this respect, to the gliding community and owners of this particular paraglider model.
Response

SR Number:

2019-06 -- Date Issued: 07/11/2019
Why this Recommendation was Developed: link_64Final Report 03/2019
Addressee: Manufacturer Company U-Turn GmbH
Status: OPEN - Awaiting Response
Response:
General
SR Number: 2019-05
Date Issued: 07/11/2019
Addressee: HELLENIC AERONAUTICAL & AIRSPORTS FEDERATION and Paragliding Committee
Why this Recommendation was Developed: link_64Final Report 03/2019
Status: OPEN - Awaiting Response SR OPEN
Recommendation

SR Number:

2019-05 -- Date Issued: 07/11/2019
Why this Recommendation was Developed: link_64Final Report 03/2019
Addressee: HELLENIC AERONAUTICAL & AIRSPORTS FEDERATION and Paragliding Committee
Status: OPEN - Awaiting Response
Recommendation: Having regard to the following:

Outdoor adventure sports tourism, being a form of sports tourism addressed to visitors-tourists who travel to a destination for the purpose of actively participating in a sport leisure activity, paragliding in this particular case, is a fast-growing sector of the tourism industry in the Hellenic Territory.

The regulatory framework, that governs the conditions that must be met by visiting foreign paragliding pilots when engaging in paragliding in the Hellenic Territory, does not cover these new forms of sports tourism. The Paragliding Regulation applies to foreign pilots intending to stay within the Hellenic Territory for periods longer than 1 month.

For these reasons AAIASB recommends the following:

SAFETY RECOMMENDATION 2019-05: Hellenic Aeronautical & Air Sports Federation in cooperation with the Paragliding Commission should consider reviewing and revising the Paragliding Regulation to include the new forms of sports tourism and lay down the conditions that must be met by visiting foreign paragliding pilots when intending to engage in paragliding in the Hellenic Territory; further, they should examine ways by which foreign paragliding pilots intending to engage in paragliding in the Hellenic Territory are to be informed of the said requisite conditions.
Response

SR Number:

2019-05 -- Date Issued: 07/11/2019
Why this Recommendation was Developed: link_64Final Report 03/2019
Addressee: HELLENIC AERONAUTICAL & AIRSPORTS FEDERATION and Paragliding Committee
Status: OPEN - Awaiting Response
Response:
General
SR Number: 2019-04
Date Issued: 07/11/2019
Addressee: HELLENIC CIVIL AVIATION AUTHORITY (HCAA)
Why this Recommendation was Developed: link_64Final Report 03/2019
Status: CLOSED - Adequate SR_CLOSED
Recommendation

SR Number:

2019-04 -- Date Issued: 07/11/2019
Why this Recommendation was Developed: link_64Final Report 03/2019
Addressee: HELLENIC CIVIL AVIATION AUTHORITY (HCAA)
Status: CLOSED - Adequate
Recommendation: Having regard to the following:

Outdoor adventure sports tourism, being a form of sports tourism addressed to visitors-tourists who travel to a destination for the purpose of actively participating in a sport leisure activity, paragliding in this particular case, is a fast-growing sector of the tourism industry in the Hellenic Territory.

The regulatory framework governing the activities, the operation and the conduct of hang-gliding and paragliding flights, as well as any other similar activity, is the Hang-gliding and Paragliding Regulation, issued by the Hellenic Civil Aviation Authority. In the said regulation there is no mention of the conditions that must be met by visiting foreign paragliding pilots intending to engage in this sport within the Hellenic Territory. Furthermore, the observed increase in the number of flights conducted by foreign paragliding pilots, who lack knowledge about the regulatory framework applicable in Greece, constitutes a potential risk to civil aviation at large.

For these reasons AAIASB recommends the following:

SAFETY RECOMMENDATION 2019-04: Hellenic Civil Aviation Authority in cooperation with Hellenic Aeronautical & Air Sports Federation should consider reviewing and revising the Hang-gliding and Paragliding Regulation to include the new forms of sports tourism and lay down the conditions that must be met by visiting foreign paragliding pilots when intending to engage in paragliding in the Hellenic Territory; furthermore, they should examine ways by which foreign paragliding pilots intending to engage in paragliding in the Hellenic Territory are to be informed of the said regulatory framework.
Response

SR Number:

2019-04 -- Date Issued: 07/11/2019
Why this Recommendation was Developed: link_64Final Report 03/2019
Addressee: HELLENIC CIVIL AVIATION AUTHORITY (HCAA)
Status: CLOSED - Adequate
Response: Hellenic Civil Aviation Authority (HCAA) responded on 10-3-2020 via e-mail (AAIASB incoming document number 1044/15.04.2020) to AAIASB safety recommendation 2019-04 that:

The actions taken [HCAA] to satisfy the 2019-04 safety recommendation are:

A) Email to the European Hang Gliding and Parachuting Union to inform its members to contact the Hellenic Civil Aviation Authority and the Hellenic Aeronautical & Airsports Federation, in order to be informed about the Greek Legislation and the areas they can operate safely. (Related attachment number 1).

B) Email to Hellenic Aeronautical & Airsports Federation to inform the [foreign] federations with which it cooperates to inform their members before operating in Greece to contact them to provide information on the [Greek] legislation and areas they can operate (relevant attachment number 2).

C) The elaboration of the new regulation requires time and we [HCAA] will cooperate with the Hellenic Aeronautical & Airsports Federation for its issue.

[AAIASB assessed this response as “Adequate” and changed the SR 2019-04 status to “Closed” in its letter with document number AAIASB/1169/07.05.2020]
General
SR Number: 2019-02
Date Issued: 06/06/2019
Addressee: Hellenic Civil Aviation Authority (HCAA)
Why this Recommendation was Developed: link_64Final Report 01/2019
Status: CLOSED - Adequate SR_CLOSED
Recommendation

SR Number:

2019-02 -- Date Issued: 06/06/2019
Why this Recommendation was Developed: link_64Final Report 01/2019
Addressee: Hellenic Civil Aviation Authority (HCAA)
Status: CLOSED - Adequate
Recommendation: PREAMBLE: The investigation revealed that the pilot flying (PF) during the landing phase did not realized in time that the aircraft’s low speed together with the rudder deflection would result in a stall and a loss in control in flight.
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SAFETY RECOMMENDATION 2019-02: It is recommended to the Hellenic Civil Aviation Authority (HCAA) to review the educational material in order a student will obtain an ultra-light pilot license as well as students will be adequate trained in order to be fully aware of the conditions and circumstances as to avoid a potential loss in control in flight.
Response

SR Number:

2019-02 -- Date Issued: 06/06/2019
Why this Recommendation was Developed: link_64Final Report 01/2019
Addressee: Hellenic Civil Aviation Authority (HCAA)
Status: CLOSED - Adequate
Response: HCAA replies by letter [HCAA /D2/E/29176/26.07.2019] that it accepts Recommendation 2019-02 and will take the following actions:

1. Organize through D2/D department ultralight instructor seminar for analysis and discussion of this and other accidents.

2. A separate chapter will be added to the curriculum of Ultralight Training Organizations on STALLING SPEED rise with the increase of BANK ANGLE.

3. A technical directive will be issued so that all Ultralight Aircraft Operators pass a compulsory 1-hour practical training each year, with an examination, including among other issues some new [briefed to AAIASB] related to Recommendation 2019-02.

[AAIASB assessed this response as “Adequate” and changed the SR 2019-02 status to “Closed” in its letter with document number AAIASB/3366/17.09.2019].
General
SR Number: 2019-01
Date Issued: 06/06/2019
Addressee: European Aviation Safety Agency (EASA)
Why this Recommendation was Developed: link_64Final Report 01/2019
Status: CLOSED - Not adequate SR_CLOSED
Recommendation

SR Number:

2019-01 -- Date Issued: 06/06/2019
Why this Recommendation was Developed: link_64Final Report 01/2019
Addressee: European Aviation Safety Agency (EASA)
Status: CLOSED - Not adequate
Recommendation: PREAMBLE: The investigation revealed that the take-off mass of the aircraft was greater than the maximum take-off mass of 472,5 kg. The payload of the aircraft was 149 kg, which can easily be exceeded by the user of the airplane. The manufacturer of the aircraft, taking into consideration that the users are not always strict with the limit for the maximum take-off mass of 472,5 kg, he revised the aircraft’s speed limit during the base leg of the approach.
During the design of aircrafts in this category, in order to calculate figures regarding the structure and performance, such as stall speed and take-off speed, these figures are calculated based on the maximum take-off mass of 450 kg or 472,5 kg (when the aircraft is equipped with a ballistic parachute) and are entered in the Aircraft Flight Manual.
During flight when the aircraft’s mass exceeds the maximum take-off mass, then the above mentioned speed values are not applicable and they get higher limits.
This can easily lead the aircraft to a stall during the critical phases for take-off and landing and also to a loss in control in flight.
-
SAFETY RECOMMENDATION 2019-01: It is recommended to European Aviation Safety Agency (EASA) to review and revise the maximum take-off mass (MTOM) for aircrafts in this category.
Response

SR Number:

2019-01 -- Date Issued: 06/06/2019
Why this Recommendation was Developed: link_64Final Report 01/2019
Addressee: European Aviation Safety Agency (EASA)
Status: CLOSED - Not adequate
Response: EASA response to AAIASB SR 2019-01 was received by letter on 8/10/2019.
[EASA response]: “In the course of the legislative process leading to the adoption of Regulation (EU) 2018/1139 on common rules in the field of civil aviation, the weight limits for ultralight aircraft were subject to revision with participation of the Member States and institution-s of the EU as well as the European Union Aviation Safety Agency (EASA). As a result of this review, the mass limits of this aircraft category falling outside the scope of the common EU aviation rules, namely those set in Annex I to Regulation (EU) 2018/1139, remained basically the same as under the formerly applicable Annex 11 to Regulation (EC) No 216/2008.
The new regulatory concept, however, foresees a framework for more flexible rules for ultralight aircraft. This means that in accordance with Article 2(8) of Regulation (EU) 2018/1139 Member States may decide to exempt from this Regulation the design, production, maintenance and operation activities of category(ies) of aircraft meeting certain technical characteristics. In particular, this opt-out from the EU rules could include "aeroplanes, other than unmanned aeroplanes, which have no more than two seats, measurable stall speed or minimum steady flight speed in landing configuration not exceeding 45 knots calibrated air speed and a maximum take-off mass, as recorded by the Member State, of no more than 600 kg for aeroplanes not intended to be operated on water or 650 kg for aeroplanes intended to be operated on water." Similar conditions exist for manned helicopters and sailplanes as well. Additionally, the provisions of Article 2 of the abovementioned Regulation further detail the consequences of such alleviation from and interaction with the EU aviation system.

Having regard to the fact that the weight limits for the subject aircraft category was recently revised with the participation of the relevant aviation stakeholders and taking into account the flexibility introduced, as a result οf those discussions, to the applicable regulatory framework, EASA considers that currently a need for further revision is not substantiated.

EASA Status: “Closed - Disagreement”.

[AAIASB assessed the response to SR 2019-01 as “NOT ADEQUATE - CLOSED” as per EU Reg. 996/2010]
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